Braille: Education and learning for all
06 January 2019
What is Braille?
The World Health Organization estimates that globally, approximately 1.3 billion people live with some form of distance or near vision impairment. People with vision impairment are more likely than those without to experience higher rates of poverty and other disadvantages.
World Braille Day is observed to raise awareness of the importance of braille as a means of communication in the full realization of the human rights for blind and partially sighted people.
The first official World Braille Day was celebrated on 4 January 2019.
Braille is a tactile representation of alphabetic and numerical symbols that uses six dots to represent each letter and number, and even musical, mathematical and scientific symbols. Braille (named after its inventor in 19th century France, Louis Braille) is used by blind and partially sighted people to read the same books and periodicals as those printed in a visual font. Braille permits people to communicate important information to and from individuals who are blind or partially sighted ensuring competency, independence, and equality.
Braille is a means of communication for blind persons, as reflected in Article 2 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and is essential in the context of education, freedom of expression and opinion, and access to information and written communication, as well as for the social inclusion of blind persons, as reflected in Articles 21 and 24 of the Convention.