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Arab Renaissance for Democracy and Development

The Future of Migration: A Battle Regarding Humanity

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As they attempted to reach Europe via the Mediterranean, 2262 people were killed during 2018, as well as in the Alboran Basin, the westernmost part of the Mediterranean, where 53 people died. ِِِAccording to a press release issued by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the Mediterranean Sea has become the deadliest sea route in the world.

The Future of Migration

At a historic moment earlier this month, the heads and delegates of 164 countries adopted a global framework for safe and orderly migration, accompanied by representatives of civil society and the private sector, in a cooperative framework to make international migration safer and more dignified for millions of migrants around the world. First, migration has always existed, but it should be managed in a safe manner, and secondly, national policies are likely to succeed under international cooperation.

 

Does Humanity Win This Battle?

Migration has multiple dimensions and is of great importance for sustainable development. It also requires consistent and comprehensive response measures. Organized and systematic migration contributes to addressing the risks and challenges faced by individuals and communities in countries of origin, within transit and arrival of their destination. No country can fully meet the challenges and opportunities arising from this global phenomenon and reduce negative impact.

 

Among the fruits of the efforts made in the Global Agreement on Secure, Organized and Regulated Migration, recently hosted in Rabat, are some important and historic decisions for Ethiopia, hosting and drawing up close to one million refugees from neighboring countries; Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia and Eritrea, as well as some Yemenis and Syrians. They stand as improved amendments to the country’s law on refugee rights. The new law will allow for the rights of refugees to obtain work permits, the right to primary education, drivers' licenses, legal registration of births and marriages, as well as access to financial and banking services.

 

United Nations data show that more than 60,000 migrants worldwide have died since 2000

 

Returning to the Syrian crisis, which is the most severe in the past 10 years; since its outbreak in 2011, the numbers of people killed and fleeing their homes have increased dramatically. The years of conflict forced 12 million Syrians to flee, surpassing the number of displaced persons of any other nationality. 5 million Syrian refugees are registered in the area, and families continue to struggle to survive both inside and outside of Syria. These struggles include trying to start over in neighboring countries, include the risk of life reaching Europe and include finding acceptance and being given a chance for a new life.

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