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Arab Renaissance for Democracy and Development

Human Trafficking: The Problem of Modern Slavery

ARDD

People who suffer through human trafficking—modern day slavery—are usually forced to work, quite often performing hard labor with no pay and having their identity documents taken away from them, being threatened with terrible punishments if they try to escape or assert their rights and dignity.

At The Arab Renaissance for Democracy and Development (ARDD), we work for the protection of individuals and refugees to ensure their documentation and legal rights are protected, in addition to raising awareness about issues confronting migrants and refugees throughout society.

These services are essential because when people flee or are trafficked; their social protection network is usually entirely left behind, making them especially susceptible to exploitation and trafficking, especially when they are women.

“Human trafficking takes many forms and knows no borders. Human traffickers too often operate with impunity, with their crimes receiving not nearly enough attention. This must change.” — UN Secretary-General António Guterres

Trafficking in human persons is a grave crime that exploits all kinds of people—women, children, and men—for a variety of reasons, including forced sex (better known as rape or sex slavery) and forced labour (better known as slavery in a general sense). Some 21 million people around the world are estimated to be victims of forced labour according to The International Labour Organization.

The phenomenon of trafficking in human beings is increasing day by day, especially with the increasing waves of displacement from war and poverty zones around the world and one-third of the victims are children. This led the United Nations to define 30 July as a global day against trafficking in human beings.

Experts said that the draft law in Jordan to prevent human trafficking, although it includes penalties against the perpetrators of these crimes, shows important practical gaps in terms of application apparent from the text and also noted the absence of some provisions that were supposed to address them in accordance with the requirements of Jordan's international obligations.

ARDD reiterates the need to redefine the crime of trafficking in human beings in a more explicit manner but recognizes the challenges of the Jordanian legislative environment, which is "incompatible with the definition of the Protocol, and which limits the difficulties of applying this law because of the definition." It is necessary to explicitly use the phrases that the Jordanian legislator has neglected to mention in the definition of crime, such as "slavery-like practices,"which are defined in the Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery of 1956.

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