Advancing Women’s Participation, Security and Rights - UNSCR 1325
The Arab region has been plagued with complex protracted conflicts and crises - which are products and causes of the region’s fragility and instability. The region continues to transform, albeit instability and political uncertainty remain at the forefront. The spreading turmoil has generated more obstacles to securing the full participation of women and civil society in the region. Furthermore, extremism has become more pronounced, contributing to the complexity of the peace and security challenges facing the region.
Accordingly, the Security Council adopted resolution 1325women and peace and security on 31 October 2000. It acknowledges the disproportionate and unique impact of armed conflict on women and girls. It calls for the adoption of a gender perspective to consider the special needs of women and girls during conflict, repatriationand resettlement, rehabilitation, reintegration and post-conflict reconstruction.
The resolution reaffirms the important role of women in;
- the prevention and resolution of conflicts
- peace negotiations
- humanitarian response
- post-conflict reconstruction
Resolution 1325 stresses the importance of women’s equal participation and full involvement in all efforts for the maintenance and promotion of peace and security. It urges all actors to increase the participation of women and incorporate gender perspectives in all United Nations peace and security efforts. It also calls on all parties to conflict to take special measures to protect women and girls from gender-based violence, particularly rape and other forms of sexual abuse, in situations of armed conflict. The resolution provides a number of important operational mandates, with implications for Member States and the entities of the United Nations system.
The Current Situation
It has been over 15 years since the adoption of Resolution 1325 and yet huge gaps remain in its implementation, especially in the Arab world. Uprisings and conservative leadership in the region have largely stagnated progress on women’s rights. The 2015 Beijing+20 review of 21 countries in the region concluded that women lack an equal voice, participation and leadership in decision-making at all levels, including peace and security discussions.Efforts to ensure gender-responsive crisis response, conflict prevention and protection in the region, particularly in a context of staggering numbers of refugees and internally displaced, have also fallen short of the standards embodied in the WPS resolutions and concordant accountability frameworks.
Our Programmatic Approach
- Preventing & responding to violence against women in conflict & post-conflict settings; protecting women and girls from gender-based violence, particularly rape and other forms of sexual abuse, in contexts such as Jordan acting as a major host country for the Syrian conflict.
- Facilitating access to justice and legal empowerment.
- Increasing the participation of women and incorporating gender perspectives in political and economic participation; encouraging women to become active members of society.
- Translating Theory of 1325 to Practice in Jordan and the region; enhancing the capacity of civil society to utilize the Women, Peace and Security agenda to develop country-specific strategies for its implementation related to context-based processes.
- Advocatingfor the reform of discriminatory laws and practices that discourage and inhibit the promotion of advancing security, peace and protection of women and girls in all aspects of the public and private spheres.
- Networking and linking existing efforts to strengthen networks of women leaders engaged in building peace and reconciliation in Jordan and the region.
Allocating financial, technical and logistical support for gender-sensitive training; as well as partnering with existing efforts, including those undertaken by relevant funds and programs.